What is the name of the most advanced bomber in the world? 5 Comments / default / By GoodBoy Under the detailed introduction
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B-2 stealth strategic bomber
The B-2 strategic bomber for the first time in the air strike against the South League, so that this aircraft was used for actual combat for the first time. The B -2 strategic bomber is the product of the Cold War and was developed by the United States Nosharopu as the US Air Force. In 1979, the U.S. Air Force demanded the development of a high -altitude -defense stealth strategic bomber in accordance with strategic considerations to deal with the air defense system that may be deployed in the 1990s. The prototype began in 1981, and in 1989, the prototype was tried to fly. Later, the plan was modified to enable the B -2 bomber to have the ability of high and low altitude penetration to perform dual tasks that can perform nuclear and conventional bombing. The U.S. Air Force ordered a total of 21 B -2 bombers, which were delivered at the end of 1993. On February 23, 2008, a U.S. B -2 strategic bomber crashed in the Guam Air Force Base. There are 20 more. The unit price of B -2 bombers is as high as 2.22 billion US dollars, which is the most expensive aircraft in the world so far.
B -2 bombers use wing -body fusion and tail -free flying wings. The front edge of the wing is transferred to the head of the machine. A large number of fuselage wings are made of graphite / carbon fiber composite materials and honeycomb structures. The surface has suction coating, and the spray port of the generator is placed above the wing. This unique shape design and materials can effectively avoid radar detection and achieve good invisible effects. There are three combat tasks in the B -2 bomber: one is not to be found to go deep into the enemy's hinterland, and the bomb or launching missiles are highly accurate to make the weapon system have the highest efficiency; the second is to detect, discover and destroy the mobile goals; strength. The U.S. Air Force threatened that the B -2 bombing capacity was taken off by the United States within a few hours after receiving the order to attack any region in the world.
B -2 bombers are divided into three models. "Brock 10" type, can carry up to 16 B -83 nuclear bombs and 16 MK84 conventional bombs, the cruise speed of 0.8 Mach, a limit of 19,240 meters, a range of 11675 kilometers. Killer; "Brock 20" type, can carry up to 16 B -61 nuclear bombs, have the ability to carry out -to -ground attack missiles outside the air defense zone, and can also carry 36 cluster bombs and 16 global positioning systems (GPS) auxiliary guidance The bomb and have some capabilities of automatic flight tasks; the "Brock 30" type can carry up to 80 MK80 bombs, 36 M117 bombs, 80 MK62 bombs, 16 joint attack bombs, and can carry 8 Attack missiles outside the air defense zone have the ability to fully automatically complete flight missions.
B-2 The development of stealth bombers began in 1978. The most certain procurement plan in 1989 includes 1 original machine and 132 combat aircraft (5 of which were modified by prototypes) Essence The total cost reaches $ 60 billion (currency value in 1989), with an average of 450 million per unit.
The initial concept of building a B -2A bomber began in 1975. At that time, the "Advanced Planning Bureau" affiliated to the US Department of Defense came out of a project code -named "Harvey". It was implemented to the Air Force and derived the XST (experiment, stealth, combat) plan. In this plan, the idea of using stealth technology to the aircraft was first proposed. Lockheed, who was full of experience in the development of military aircraft, took the lead in gaining the military development contract, and quickly took out two full -size XST prototypes, which initially proved that the application of stealth technology on the aircraft was feasible.
In 1977, the "Cold War" was still over. In order to hidden into the Soviet Union's airspace and find and destroy the Soviet -type intercontinental ballistic ballistic missile launchers and other important strategic goals in depth, the US Air Force proposed to create a new type of strategic bomber, requiring it to avoid each other's strict pairs of right pairs The air radar detection network sneaked into the enemy's depth and completed the task with a success rate of 80 %. To this end, the Air Force plans to produce a "Army Knife Passenger" plan, and the application of stealth technology has been listed on the specific agenda. As the prototypes submitted by Lockheed's recently, the Air Force handed the contract for the F -117A stealth fighter to the company. With the production and production of stealth fighters, the Ministry of Defense and Congress have also begun to accept the concept of "stealth bombing alum", and officially approved the application report for the development of such aircraft proposed by the Air Force in 1979. The following year, the U.S. Air Force conducted public bidding on the development of the "Advanced Strategic Plane (ASPA)". Subsequently, the U.S. Air Force officially named the development project of the aircraft as "Advanced Technology Bomber (ATB)" -This is the original name of the B -2 stealth strategic bomber.
In the first few years of the 1980s, the design of B -2 has undergone several major changes. For example, in 1984, the design of the main wing of the aircraft was made major changes, because the Air Force not only required the aircraft to enter from high altitude, but also to be able to high -altitude abduction, which brought about improving the lift of the aircraft, enhancing the strength of the mechanical structure, and further further Reduce a series of problems such as its radar reflection section, so that the design of the aircraft can only be shaped after years.
On April 20, 1988, the U.S. Air Force first demonstrated a hand -painted color picture of the B -2 aircraft. And surprise. On November 22 of the same year, the B -2 prototype bomber with AV -1 finally "burst out" and became a monster for the American public to see each other. Military publications in various countries in the world also reported to it Essence But since then, B -2 has disappeared again for several years. During this period, it experienced many secret test flights and strict inspection by the military. Manufacturers had to be continuously designed and modified in accordance with the various opinions and various demands put forward by the Air Force. Five years later, on December 17, 1993, the US Air Force finally launched the first B -2A aircraft.
On April 2, 1997, the first six B -2A stealth bomber officially served in the US Air Force, and the other 15 will also be delivered to the troops as planned as planned.
B -2 is the extremely dense weapon system of the United States. Since the Manhattan plan that develops atomic bombs during World War II, no weapon system has been placed under such strict protection like B -2.
As early as September 1980, the US Air Force asked Lockheed and Nosroop to plan for advanced technology stealth bomber (ATB). Proposal. Lockheed's unique secret code is Seniorpeg (old fake leg person), and the none of the Rapup Company solution is codenamed Senior LCE (old diamond). On October 20, 1981, the Nosroap company obtained the contract and changed the densely to the Senior CJ. This was to commemorate CJ Kaiti, the US Air Force Deputy Minister of Air Force, who was responsible for the invisible aircraft who died of cancer. The main transfer providers are the mid -section of the flying wing of titanium alloy, exterior wings, fuel systems, weapon launch systems and landing gears of titanium alloy. For this reason, Boeing hired 10,000 employees. LTV is responsible for the middle section of the flying wing, aluminum and titanium alloy structure and composite material structure, and hire 4,000 people for this.
MSPC provides a thrust of 84.5 thousand cows (19000 pounds) F119 -GE -GE -110 turbofan engine. The 12,000 employees of Ropp's company are responsible for the front and middle sections of the manufacturing and cockpit and assembly.
On April 8, 1982, Nosroap bought the idle factory of Ford Motor Company in Pico Rivera in the suburbs of Los Angeles, and converted it into strict windows without windows. Confidential factories. The entire company is under the 24 -hour surveillance of the army and security personnel, and the planned expenditure for security measures for B2 aircraft is as high as $ 2 billion. For example, in order to prevent the former Soviet submarine from sneaking into the California seaside and use electronic technology to detect the computer software system of the B -2 plan, the room where the CAD / CAM (computer -aided manufacturing) terminal device is located in the Pict whichs. Surrounded by special metal plates that cannot be penetrated. In addition, each computer is equipped with a special cover to prevent unspeakable people from seeing the information on the computer. Thousands of workers in key positions must be tested by pneumators to prevent spies from mixing with drug users. The requirements for senior management personnel are stricter, and only a few people know all the details of the plan. A vice president of the Noscop, before being approved to intervene in the B -2 plan, the relevant parties forced his Canadian lady to change their nationality into American citizens. In order to make better confidentiality work on Biko Caiforla, fake companies have also been set up in other areas to accept components from the subcontractor and transfer to Biklever in the middle of the night. pull. Air Force officials have to change to a casual service to access Birohaverla. In the Congress -a total of only eight members know the matter.
This B -2A bomber body is 21.03 meters long, 5.18 meters high, wingspan is 52.43 meters, and the maximum load capacity is 22680 kg. There are 4 F118 -GE -100 turbofan engines produced by U.S. Power Company. When the aircraft does not refuel in the air, the range of combat can reach 12,000 kilometers and the air refueling can reach 18,000 kilometers once. The air flight time for each task is generally not less than 10 hours. The US Air Force claims that it has the ability to "reach the world" and "global destruction". The B -2A collection of various high -precision technology is one of the high -precision technologies, and because of its outstanding stealth performance, it is hailed as "a milestone in the history of the development of military aircraft in this century." According to reports, the B -52 bomber's radar reflection section is 1,000 square meters, MiG -29 is 25 square meters, B -LB is less than L square meters, while B -2A is less than 0.1 square meters, which is only equivalent to just equivalent A rangal radar reflection section in the sky makes it difficult for ordinary radars to find it. So, where does this stealth technique come from?
B -2's stealth performance comes from its appearance first. The overall shape of B -2A is smooth and smooth, without "wrinkles", and it is not easy to reflect radar waves. The cockpit is arc -shaped, and the radar waves that are irradiated here will "crawl" in shape without being reflected. The sealing glass cabin cover is a slope, and all glass is mixed with metal powder during manufacturing, making the radar wave unable to penetrate the cabin, causing a mansion. The wing is 33 degrees behind the wing, which makes the radar waves incident in the top and bottom cannot reflect or reflect the direction of the radar. At the rear of the cover of the wing, there is an irregular hive -like cave, which can absorb radar waves. The second half of the wing can make the detection radar wave from behind the plane cannot reflect back. And B -2A has no vertical tail, which greatly reduces the overall radar reflection section of the aircraft. There is no weapon cabin or weapon hanging rack under the body, and even the engine compartment and landing rack cabin are all buried under the smooth wing, which avoids the radar wave reflection. The entire fuselage of the B -2 aircraft, except for the main beam and the engine cabin using the Qin composite material, the other parts are composed of composite materials such as carbon fiber and graphite, which is not easy to reflect radar waves. In addition, these different composite materials parts do not fit up by rivets, but are cast by high -pressure die. In addition, the anterior edge of the alum wing is all covered with a layer of special suction material (RAM). Two square protruding parts located in the front of the wing and the interior radar scan antenna array also uses special suction materials. In addition, the entire body of the B -2A is sprayed with special suction paint, which largely reduces the echo of enemy detection radar to a large extent.
In order to stealth need, the air intake of the B -2A aircraft was placed above the wing and presented S -shaped, allowing the exploration radar of the incident to reflect many times, and it was naturally attenuated. Essence The nozzle of the engine was deeply placed in the wing and became honeycomb -shaped, so that radar waves could not be available. In addition, the engine parts are also equipped with airflow mixtures, which can import the cold air flowing through the surface of the wing to the engine and continuously reduce the temperature of the outdoor layer of the engine. The nozzle part is wide and flat, so that people cannot see the spray mouth behind the plane. Especially due to the use of the spray temperature adjustment technology, the infrared exposure signal of the nozzle part is greatly reduced, and the stealth performance of the aircraft is greatly enhanced.
B -2A aircraft have many advanced computer -based electronic systems, such as detection, navigation, aiming, electronic confrontation and other systems. They each perform their duties and have extraordinary functions. As far as detection of radar system is concerned, it usually plays a "eye" role. The AN / APQ -181 radar is used on B -2A, which is made for Hughes. It has the advantages of narrow spectrum and not easy to be intercepted by signals. This electronic scanning phase -control array system has two radar antenna arrays in which is characterized by no need to rotate or swing antennas. Only through the change and combination of signal arrays Scan. Its operating frequency is 12-18GHz, the side wave petals are extremely small, and the ability to resist electronic interference is strong. There are 21 types of working mode, the most prominent of which is the working mode of the synthetic aperture radar and the inverted pore diameter radar mode. The former is mainly used to scan land and landforms, which can clearly obtain a radar scanning image of 161 kilometers from the mainland watch for aircraft to use the ground target bombing; the latter is mainly used to identify and capture the maritime goals. Up to 128 kilometers. In addition, these working modes can also allow the B -2A bomber to use terrain matching and terrain avoidance technology, so that they can stickers at low altitudes into the enemy airspace to perform bombing tasks.
B -2A is also equipped with an advanced NSS navigation system. There are two types of navigation equipment installed in this system, one is an inertial navigation unit, and the other is the NAS -27 astronomical navigation unit. They can provide advanced automatic navigation and the most commonly used constellation navigation methods for B -2A to ensure flight safety.
The target target sighting system uses the global positioning auxiliary aiming system. It can lock the selected target and zoom in 4 times, which greatly facilitates the unit of the crew's identification and aiming of the target, which greatly improves the bomb of the bomb. Hitting accuracy. According to the United States, with the help of this positioning assistant aiming system, the error of the bomb hit the target is usually less than 6 meters.
B -2A also has an APQ -50 electronic confrontation system. The system can provide radar warnings for aircraft, but also quickly detects the orientation coordinates of enemy radar. The ZSR -62 active electron confrontation system on the aircraft can interfere and suppress the enemy quickly and proactively.
The other electronic systems on the aircraft, such as the communication management system and various display systems in the cockpit. Use when contacting related departments on the ground. In front of the seats of the two units, there are 4 full -color multi -functional display of 15.2 cm of 15.2 cm each, which shows the situation at a glance.
B -2A bombing function carries 16 AGM -129 cruise missiles. It can also carry 80 MK82 or 16 MK84 ordinary bombs or 36 CBU -87 bundle bombs. With a new TSSM remote attack ammunition, there are 16 bullets. When a nuclear weapon is used, 16 B63 nuclear bombs can be carried. In addition, AGM -129 cruise missiles can also be equipped with nuclear warheads.
The U.S. Air Force has calculated the bombing capabilities of B -2A based on the actual situation of the Gulf War. Taking the "attack special team" often used in the U.S. military target bombing mission as an example, it is usually by 16 attack aircraft with precise guidance bombs, 16 fighter aircraft, 4 accompanied by electronic jammers, and 8 are used in 8 sheets. The ground attack aircraft and 7 KC -135 tankers that suppress the ground anti -aircraft artillery fire. The bombing effect of these 49 aircraft can be achieved with 8 F -117A plus 2 KC -135 tankers. If you switch to B -2A, take off from the Daggaria base from the Indian Ocean. There is no need to refuel in the air. Only 2 planes and 4 crew members are required.
In in the future, as the U.S. military jointly attacks the ammunition weapon system, the B -2A aircraft may also carry this weapon. At that time, the B -2A only needed to fosen this weapon from a long distance, and it can be returned to flight, or the next task is performed, because the JDAM weapon itself with the last explosor in the United States. focus. Once upon a time, the reporters preached the name of the "ultimate weapon" to it; in recent years, it has also spoiled it, calling it "expensive high -tech toys." However, no matter whether it is good or nostalgic, an undeniable fact is: B -2A is good, but the price is expensive.
In 1978, when the manufacturer won the development of the B -2 contract, the offer of 132 aircraft was $ 36.6 billion. By 1984, the total quotation of the manufacturer was lifted to $ 42.5 billion, which forced the US Air Force to reduce the number of ordering. In 1987, the U.S. Air Force decided to buy only 75, but it will still pay $ 35 billion.
In 1993, when the US Congress determined only to purchase only 20 B -2A, the development fee of the Air Force prepaid and the manufacturer's construction costs had reached 44.4 billion U.S. dollars. In this way, even if the development cost is deducted, the cost of each aircraft is 840 million US dollars. In 1995, according to the final contract, the manufacturer created 20 B -2As at the production speed of 3 aircraft each year, and each aircraft was about $ 600 million. Even so, if the development cost is added, the cost of buying a B -2A will exceed $ 2 billion!
In another important reason for the expensive cost of B -2 is the difficulty of maintaining maintenance. A few years ago, when the B -2A was just equipped with the army, the maintenance task was basically completed by the technicians of major companies. The maintenance time for each flight hour was 132 hours. After each flight task is completed, the high -speed airflow will cause wear to the surface of the body. In order to ensure that the stealth performance of the aircraft does not decrease, every time the flight, the technicians must use a similar method to renovate the radar suction material of the B -2A surface. The new spraying material is only at a certain temperature at a certain temperature Only in humidity can dry and curing. Due to lack of sufficient accessories and perfect maintenance equipment, B -2A has been unable to deploy at overseas bases. This is an unbearable shortage for the U.S. military that deployed the battle around the world. Although the U.S. military has used force overseas since the B -2A equipment forces, the B -2A has not appeared in the battlefield.
The high cost, complex maintenance and maintenance make any countries outside the United States not interested in it. Even if the production line of B -2 has been closed, the B -2's production line has been closed, and 90 % of the more than 4,000 suppliers who provide accessories B -2 have changed the production line for it; The commander Thomas Goslin Jun will also have to admit that there will be no B -3 or B -4 in the next 20 years. Perhaps 30 years later, people will find that B -2 is only a brilliant afterglow in the history of the development of bombers.
The first branch of the Equipment B-2 stealth bomber is the 393th squadron of the 509th bomber federation. It has been equipped with 8 20 batches of aircraft and has preliminary combat capabilities.
The B-2 bomber was originally designed as a nuclear weapon carrier aircraft, and its basic weapons are B83 and B61 nuclear bombs. The maximum load is 22700kg (50000LB). You can also mount various weapons such as close -range attack missiles, GPS auxiliary guidance bombs, joint direct attack ammunition, joint defense zone attack missiles, and MK82 and other conventional bombs.
Cope method and efficiency estimation
Pable multi-target attack
On June 12, 1997, during the combat test during the Baiha missile shooting range in New Mexico, the B-2 bomber was put in the middle of the middle of the project. 16 JDAM guidance bombs. 16 bombs each target the target group. The target group includes 8 targets in 2 regions, and 2 JDAM bombs attacked one target.
The comprehensive combat effectiveness of the stealth bomber is high. Using the characteristics of its own invisibility, it usually does not need to escort and suppress the opponent's air defense system supporting aircraft when performing combat tasks. The U.S. Air Force estimates that if the mission to perform two B-2 bombers is performed using the non-hidden combat aircraft, 32 F-16 fighters and 16 F-15s that escape for them, several EF-EF-for suppressing the opponent's air defense system 111 and EA-6B and 15 KC-135 tankers.
The on March 25, 1999, NATO's F118-GE-110 non-intensive turbofan engine using B-2 to use B-2 to use B-2 for the South League. The pair is installed between the outer side of the weapon cabin and the wing structure, and the chlorofluorosulfuric acid is mixed in the tail gas to eliminate the visual traces of the engine.
The main airborne equipment Houz's AN/APQ-181 low-interceptor J-band attack radar (21 use modulus with the terrain follows), the aiming system with GPS auxiliary functions , TCN-250 tower system, VIR-130A automatic landing system, an/APR-50 radar alarm receiver, and ZSR-63 defense auxiliary equipment.
Woria can be equipped with a rotating missile launcher for Boeing Corporation, which can bring a total of 16 AGM-129 advanced cruise missiles or 16 B61/B83 nuclear bombs, 80 227 kg MK82 bombs, 16 joints Direct attack weapons, 16 908 kg MK84 bombs, 36 M117 combustion bombs, 36 CBU-87/89/97/98 cluster bombs, etc.
The size data is 21.03 meters, the machine height is 5.18 meters, the wingspan is 52.43 meters, and the corner of the wing is 33 degrees.
The weight of the weight and load is 45360-49900 kg, the maximum weapon load is 18144 kg, the maximum fuel amount in the machine is 81650-90720 kg, the normal take-off weight is 152635 kg, and the maximum take-off weight is 170,550 kg.
The performance data entry speed is 259 km/h, a practical lifting limit is 15240 meters, the range (air refueling once) is greater than 18520 kilometers. 16919 kg), (height-high-high) 11667 kilometers, (height-low-high) 8149 kilometers, combat range (8 close attack missiles, 8 B61 bombs, weapons weighing 10886 kg, take-off weight 16238666 Kilograms), (high-high-high) 12223 kilometers, (height-low-height) 8334 kilometers
4 universal electrical companies F118-GE-100 without force turbofan fan The engine, a single thrust of 84.5 thousand cows (8620 kg), the intake tract is S -shaped, and the V -shaped tail torment is on the upper part of the wing back edge.
Russia's Tu-160 is also quite good. It can fly back to the United States and then return. There is no need to refuel in the middle. In addition, there are anti-fire.
Of course B2.
I also think it is B2